Arthritis is a common condition that makes your joints hurt and stiff. There are many different types of arthritis, each with its own cause and symptoms. Different types of arthritis have different causes. Some types of arthritis like osteoarthritis are caused by wear and tear on the joints. Another type of arthritis rheumatoid arthritis is caused by autoimmune diseases or infections.
There is no cure for arthritis but there are treatments that can help manage the pain and stiffness. You can treat arthritis with medicine, exercise, and healthy habits. This article will help you understand the different types of arthritis and what causes them. This knowledge can help you recognize the signs and symptoms of arthritis and seek the right treatment.
Types of Arthritis
This happens when our joints get worn out over time. This arthritis is most common in the knees, hips, and back especially in women. Getting older, using our joints a lot, or having it in the family can make it more likely.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
With this kind, our own body’s defense system mistakenly attacks our joints. This leads to pain, swelling, and sometimes changes in how our joints look. It can happen in many joints at once.
Sometimes, if we have a skin condition called psoriasis, our joints might get affected too. It can cause joint pain, swelling, and skin patches.
Gout comes from having too much of a chemical called uric acid in our joints. This can make our joints suddenly hurt a lot, especially the big toe.
Arthritis can happen because of different reasons:
Genes: Sometimes, if others in our family have arthritis, we might get it too.
Getting Older: As we grow older, our joints might start to wear down.
Body’s Mistake: In some types, our own body attacks our joints by mistake.
Injury or Doing Too Much: If we hurt a joint or use it too much, it can lead to arthritis.
Arthritis Signs and Symptoms:
Here are some things to look out for:
- Joints might hurt or feel tender.
- They could get swollen and look red.
- Especially in the morning or after not moving for a while, we might feel stiff.
- Sometimes, we might not be able to move them as much as before.
- We might feel very tired and not well.
Arthritis Treatment with Home Remedies:
Warm Compress or Heating Pad:
Applying a warm compress or using a heating pad on the affected joints can help reduce pain and stiffness.
Turmeric contains curcumin, which has anti-inflammatory properties. Adding turmeric to your diet or taking turmeric supplements may help reduce arthritis-related inflammation.
Ginger is another natural anti-inflammatory spice. Drinking ginger tea or adding fresh ginger to meals can provide relief from arthritis pain.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids:
Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, like fatty fish (salmon, mackerel), flaxseeds, and walnuts, can help reduce inflammation.
Apple Cider Vinegar:
Some people find relief by mixing a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water and drinking it once or twice a day. It’s believed to help with joint pain and inflammation.
Exercise and Stretching:
Gentle exercises like yoga, swimming, and stretching can improve joint flexibility and strengthen the muscles around the joints, providing support.
Green tea may help reduce swelling because it has antioxidants. Drinking a few cups a day can be a helpful addition to your routine.
In the End:
Knowing about the different types, what causes arthritis, and what to look for can help us take better care of our joints. If we think we might have arthritis, it’s a good idea to talk to a doctor. They can help figure out what’s going on and how to feel better. Remember, taking action early and making some changes in how we live can really make a difference for people with arthritis.
Last updated 17 September 2023