A bruise is a common skin injury that results in a discoloration of the skin. Blood from damaged blood cells deep beneath the skin collects near the surface of the skin, resulting in what we think of as a black and blue mark.
People typically get bruises when they bump into something or when something bumps into them. Any condition or medication that increases bleeding may also make a person bruise more easily.
Bruises Blue Patches on Skin
Bruise Causes: You’re more likely to bruise if you suffer from a vitamin C deficiency, underlying genetic disorders, alcohol abuse, or side effects of certain medications, says Dr. Javette Orgain, vice-speaker of the American Academy of Family Physicians. But anyone who knocks up against an unforgiving force — be it car door or coffee table — is going to sport that telltale bruise.
Treatment: The body needs time to heal bruises, which are caused by trauma to small blood vessels beneath the skin. But there are ways to help speed up the process, doctors say.
Ice it. On the day you get a bruise, apply an ice pack to reduce swelling as well as constrict broken blood vessels. Those vessels then may leak less blood.
Avoid heat. In the first two or three days after bruising yourself, a very hot bath or shower could cause more bleeding and swelling. It’s also smart to lay off the alcohol.
Elevate if possible. If you bruise your leg, reduce some pressure to the injured area by propping it up.
Be careful. Try to keep bruised areas from resting against any hard surface _ or, of course, getting banged again.