What is Nocturia? Frequent Urination at Night Causes

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Urinary-incontinence

New York: Nocturia describes needing to wake up at night in order to urinate. It is a symptom of other conditions, not a disease itself. According to technical definitions, a person has nocturia if they get out of bed to urinate one or more times per night. By this standard, nocturia is widespread; however, many people may not find one awakening to be problematic.

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Nocturia tends to be more bothersome when a person awakens two or more times and/or if they have difficulty getting back to sleep. Nocturia is not the same thing as bedwetting, which is also known as nocturnal enuresis. Unlike nocturia, which involves waking up and recognizing the need to urinate.

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Bedwetting typically occurs involuntarily and without the sensation of having a full bladder.

What Are the Impacts of Nocturia?

Nocturia can have significant health consequences. It may be connected to serious underlying problems, and nighttime bathroom trips can both disrupt sleep and create additional health concerns.

Does Frequent Urination Disrupt Sleep?

Multiple research studies, including a Sleep in America Poll by the National Sleep Foundation, have consistently found that nocturia is one of the most commonly reported causes of sleep disruptions. Especially in older adults, it is frequently listed as a cause of poor sleep7 and insomnia.

How Common is Nocturia?

Nocturia is quite common among both men and women. Studies and surveys have found that 69% of men and 76% of women over age 403 report getting up to go to the bathroom at least once per night. About one-third of adults over age 304 make two or more nightly bathroom trips.

Nocturia can affect younger people, but it becomes more common with age, especially in older men. It is estimated that nearly 50% of men in their seventies have to wake up at least twice per night to urinate. Overall, nocturia may affect up to 80% of elderly people.

Rates of nocturia have been found to be higher in people who are black and Hispanic6 than in white people even when controlling for gender and age. The reason for this disparity is not well understood. Nocturia frequently occurs during pregnancy but usually goes away within three months after giving birth.

What are the Impacts of Nocturia?

Nocturia can have significant health consequences. It may be connected to serious underlying problems, and nighttime bathroom trips can both disrupt sleep and create additional health concerns.

What Causes Nocturia?

Three main issues provoke nocturia: producing excess urine at night, decreased bladder capacity, and sleep disruptions. Each of these issues can be caused by a variety of underlying health conditions.

Reducing Nocturia and Getting Better Sleep

Because it can have significant health consequences and connections to other illnesses, it is important to talk to your doctor about bothersome nocturia. A doctor can help identify the most likely cause and appropriate therapy for any specific individual.

When an underlying condition is causing nocturia, treating that condition may reduce the nighttime trips to the bathroom. Many patients with nocturia are treated with medications or have adjustments to their existing medications (such as diuretics). ( sleepfoundation )

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