What are Dental Caries? How to Prevent Dental Caries and Treatment

How to Prevent Dental Caries and Treatment

London: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that involves an interaction between teeth, saliva, and oral microbiota, as the individual’s own risk factors, and diet and oral hygiene, as the main external factors. The infection begins with the accumulation on the enamel surface of specific bacteria, which produce acidic by-products that demineralize and destroy the tooth. If the process is not stopped, the tooth can be totally destroyed.

Dental caries, which are also referred to as tooth decay or cavities, are one of the most common and widespread persistent diseases today and are also one of the most preventable. When you eat certain foods, the bacteria on your teeth break them down and produce acids that have the ability to seriously damage the hard tissues of your tooth. The result is the formation of dental caries.

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What Causes Dental Caries?

Typically, dental caries can be spotted on two specific areas of the teeth: occlusal caries, which form on the topmost part of the tooth where food particles repeatedly come in direct contact with the teeth, and interproximal caries, which are dental caries that form between the teeth.

It’s in these two locations where bacteria fester and pose a risk to your oral hygiene. If the teeth and surrounding areas are not cared for properly, the bacteria will begin to digest the sugars leftover from food in your mouth and convert it into acids as a waste product. These acids are strong enough to demineralize the enamel on your teeth and form tiny holes—the first stage of dental caries.

As the enamel begins to break down, the tooth loses the ability to reinforce the calcium and phosphate structures of the teeth naturally through saliva properties and, in time, acid penetrates into the tooth and destroys it from the inside out.

How to Prevent Dental Caries:

Despite the impact tooth decay can have on your teeth if left unattended, dental caries or cavities are largely preventable with a great oral hygiene regimen! This includes brushing at least twice a day with an electric toothbrush.

In fact, recent studies show that brushing regularly with an electric toothbrush can help prevent tooth loss by more effectively removing the plaque bacteria that can lead to tooth decay. The Oral-B iO features the latest in oral care technology to effectively, yet gently, clean all areas of the mouth including tooth surfaces.

The Oral-B iO electric toothbrush combines the dentist-inspired round brush head with micro-vibrating bristles to remove more plaque between teeth and along the gum line for a thorough clean.

Also, keep up with regular dental checkups in order to identify pre-existing conditions before they lead to more serious issues down the road. The earlier a dental professional can spot the signs of poor oral hygiene, such as a buildup of plaque, the better your chances of preventing dental caries and gum problems from ever occurring in the first place. oralb