London: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. Each year in the UK there are more than 55,000 new cases, and the disease claims the lives of 11,500 women. In the US, it strikes 266,000 each year and kills 40,000. But what causes it and how can it be treated?
What is breast cancer? Breast cancer develops from a cancerous cell that develops in the lining of a duct or lobule in one of the breasts. When breast cancer has spread into surrounding breast tissue it is called ‘invasive’ breast cancer.
Health Benefits of Eating Chicken
Some people are diagnosed with ‘carcinoma in situ’, where no cancer cells have grown beyond the duct or lobule. Most cases develop in women over the age of 50 but younger women are sometimes affected. Breast cancer can develop in men though this is rare.
What causes breast cancer?
A cancerous tumor starts from one abnormal cell. The exact reason why a cell becomes cancerous is unclear. It is thought that something damages or alters certain genes in the cell. This makes the cell abnormal and multiplies ‘out of control’.
Although breast cancer can develop for no apparent reason, there are some risk factors that can increase the chance of developing breast cancer, such as genetics.
Breast Cancer Treatment?
Treatment options that may be considered include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and hormone treatment. Often a combination of two or more of these treatments is used.
Surgery: Breast-conserving surgery or the removal of the affected breast depending on the size of the tumor.
Radiotherapy: A treatment that uses high energy beams of radiation focussed on cancerous tissue. This kills cancer cells or stops cancer cells from multiplying. It is mainly used in addition to surgery.
Chemotherapy: A treatment of cancer by using anti-cancer drugs which kill cancer cells, or stop them from multiplying
Hormone treatments: Some types of breast cancer are affected by the ‘female’ hormone estrogen, which can stimulate the cancer cells to divide and multiply. Treatments which reduce the level of these hormones, or prevent them from working, are commonly used in people with breast cancer.
Reduce Breast Cancer Risk by 28% by Eating Chicken
Swapping beef, lamb, and pork for chicken could slash a woman’s risk of breast cancer, research suggests. The US National Cancer Institute study examined the diets of more than 42,000 women and tracked them for eight years. Those who ate the reddest meat were almost a quarter more likely to develop an invasive form of breast cancer than those who consumed the least.
Whereas those who ate the most poultry, such as chicken, turkey, and duck, were 15 percent less likely to develop the disease, the research found. Scientists also found swapping steak, sausages, and games for chicken reduced the women’s risk of the disease by 28 percent. source