Skin Allergy: What Are Those Red Patches On Your Skin?

skin allergy

Each person’s skin texture is different, but one of the most common skin problems that exist today is the redness of the skin. If you are wondering what causes this unexplained redness, here’s your answer. We got in touch with Dr. Sirisha Singh, a leading dermatologist to explain the commonly occurring problem and this is what she had to say.

The most important part of tackling redness of the skin and irritation is to diagnose the problem. When the skin appears red, it most commonly is due to an infective process, allergic cause, or an irritant reaction on the skin.

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Very rarely, it may be a sign of a more sinister underlying process which due to the rarity of occurrence, we don’t need to worry about too much.

The infections may be fungal or bacterial and very rarely viral in nature. These are usually simple to identify, easy to treat, and have a fantastic outcome as once treated they usually disappear completely and in most people the chances of recurrence are slim.

When the rash is allergic in nature, it tends to be recurrent and needs management on a long-term basis. Allergies of all sort tend to have a very similar appearance and it is virtually impossible to identify the allergen in most people. This then needs to be managed to minimize discomfort to the afflicted individual.

The common principles to be followed are:

Keep the skin moist and well hydrated. This requires the use of a mild pH-balanced cleanser to avoid skin irritation, frequent use of a moisturizer to hydrate the skin. Drinking plenty of fluids is also important.

Avoid any irritants on the skin like fleece, wool, or other synthetic garments.

Avoid contact with pets like Dogs and Cats like a lot of people tend to be allergic to Animal dander protein.
Stay in a cool room with good air circulation to minimize the itching of the skin.

Try and identify the allergen (not always possible) and avoid it. Dietary allergens often cause a specific type of allergy called urticaria. This tends to be prolonged and can cause intense discomfort. Maintaining a good diet chart may help to identify the triggers and avoid them.

Anti-allergy tablets may be helpful in certain types of allergies. This however should be taken only after a dermatologist consultation.

Steroid ointments or tablets may be needed in some cases. This should be done only under expert guidance from a dermatologist. The other causes of skin irritation like internal medical problems, drug rashes, etc need to be treated professionally. via timesofindia

Causes of Skin Allergies:

Contact Dermatitis: This occurs when your skin comes into contact with a substance that triggers an allergic reaction. Common irritants include metals, cosmetics, and cleaning products.

Atopic Dermatitis: This is a chronic condition that causes dry and itchy skin. It often affects people with a history of asthma or allergies.

Urticaria: This is also known as hives and is caused by an allergic reaction to food, medication, or insect bites.
Angioedema: This condition affects deeper layers of the skin and causes swelling around the eyes, lips, and throat.

Symptoms of Skin Allergies:

The symptoms of skin allergies can vary depending on the type of allergy. However, common symptoms include itching, redness, and swelling. If left untreated, these symptoms can lead to blistering and cracked skin.

Treatment Options for Skin Allergies:

Avoidance of the Allergen: This is the most effective way to prevent skin allergies from occurring. Identify the source of the allergy and avoid it.

Topical Creams and Ointments: Corticosteroids can be used to reduce inflammation and itching.

Antihistamines: This medication can be used to reduce itching and swelling.

Immunotherapy: This involves exposing your body to small amounts of the allergen over time, allowing your immune system to build up a tolerance.

Skin allergies can be a frustrating condition to deal with, but understanding the causes and treatment options can help alleviate symptoms and improve your quality of life. If you suspect you have a skin allergy, consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. By following the steps outlined in this post and avoiding the allergen, you can manage your skin allergies effectively.